The United States can also enter into international agreements through executive agreements. They are not made under the contractual clause and do not require the ratification of two-thirds of the Senate. The executive agreements of Congress are passed by the majority of both houses of Congress as ordinary legislation. If the agreement falls entirely within the constitutional powers of the president, it can be taken by the president alone without the approval of Congress, but it will have the strength of an executive and may be unilaterally removed by a future president. All types of agreements are treated internationally as “treaties.” See foreign policy of U.S. law. If Parliament wants to codify the agreement reached by the executive and thus make it enforceable by the Indian courts, it can do so in accordance with Article 253 of the Constitution. For example, a client may ratify something that has been done on his behalf by another person who has taken the power to act as an agent. In addition, proposed amendments to the U.S.
Constitution must be ratified by three-quarters of state legislatures or by conventions in three-quarters of states. As a general rule, the Speaker presents a contract to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (SFRC) with an accompanying ratification or accession decision. If the treaty and resolution are taken into consideration positively (a committee votes in favour of ratification or accession), the treaty will then be sent to the entire Senate for such a vote. The treaty or legislation will not apply until it is ratified. A multilateral agreement may provide that it will enter into force after ratification by less than all signatories.  Even if such a treaty enters into force, it does not apply to signatories who have not ratified it. Membership has the same legal effect as ratification for treaties already negotiated and signed by other states.  An example of a treaty on which the Senate did not debate and approve ratification is the Treaty of Versailler, which was not supported because of the League of Nations.