The TPA expires in June 2007 and the renewal of the Trade Act is uncertain. All trade agreements being negotiated by the United States must be concluded before this deadline expires in order to obtain expedited procedures under the AGREEMENT. On 5 August 2017, the foreign ministers of Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and Brazil said that Venezuela`s accession to Mercosur would be suspended indefinitely in response to the “break of the democratic order” in that country after the July 30, 2017 elections. The bloc`s statutes do not provide for expulsion. However, trade and migration policy remains un changing in order to avoid a worsening of the social crisis.  Brazilian Foreign Minister Aloysio Nunes said Venezuela would remain suspended until the country “restores democracy.”  Common markets are those on which Member States go beyond a customs union by removing barriers to the flow of cross-border labour and capital within the market. The European Union is the most important example of a common market. Mercosur`s origins are linked to discussions about the creation of a regional economic market for Latin America, which date back to the treaty that founded the Latin American Free Trade Association in 1960, which was replaced by the Latin American Integration Association in the 1980s. At that time, Argentina and Brazil made progress in this area and signed the Iguau Declaration (1985), which established a bilateral commission, followed by a series of trade agreements the following year. The Treaty on Integration, Cooperation and Development, signed in 1988 between the two countries, aims to create a common market to which other Latin American countries could join. Paraguay and Uruguay joined the process and the four countries signed the Treaty of Asuncion (1991), which founded the Common Market in 1991, a trade alliance aimed at stimulating the regional economy, displacing goods, people, workers and capital. Initially, a free trade area was established, in which signatory countries would not impose or restrict imports from other countries. From 1 January 1995, this sector became a customs union in which all signatories were able to apply the same quotas for imports from other countries (external tariffs).
The following year, Bolivia and Chile were granted membership status. Other Latin American nations have expressed interest in joining the group. CAFTA-DR is not expected to have a significant impact on the U.S. economy as a whole, but it could impose adjustment costs on certain sectors. As with other trade agreements, proponents see it as a policy of supporting the improvement of intra-regional trade and political and economic development in an area of strategic importance to the United States. Opponents of the agreement sought to improve trade adjustment and capacity-building policies in Central American and Dominican Republic countries. They also argued that these countries had insufficient labour laws and that working rules within CAFTA-DR needed to be strengthened. Approved in 2002 by CMC decision 17/02 “MERCOSUR Symbols,” the MERCOSUR emblem/logo represents the four stars of the southern cross on a curved green line symbolizing the horizon and the word MERCOSUR/MERCOSUL.
The Southern Cross has been and continues to be the main element of navigation in the Southern Hemisphere, which represents the optimistic course of this organization working on regional integration. In its first decade, Mercosur entered into economic cooperation agreements with Bolivia, Chile, Israel and Peru, while trade within the bloc increased from $4 billion in 1990 to more than $40 billion in 2000. The group also opened trade negotiations with the European Union in 1999.