Will Australia Meet Paris Agreement

A new analysis by the Academy of Technology and Engineering, which represents nearly a thousand leading Australian scientists and engineers, has detailed how Australia will miss its international emissions reduction commitments. CTU`s emissions forecast for Australia is 10-11% lower in 2020 and 11- to 14% in 2030 than the previous forecast in December 2019, mainly due to the impact of the pandemic on emissions. This planned reduction in emissions would allow Australia to meet its 2020 target that it would not otherwise have been able to achieve under the current pre-pandemic policy scenario. However, this is not a sustainable reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and, despite the expected reductions due to the pandemic, Australia is still not on track to meet its 2030 target. The gas recovery ignores warnings from companies, industry and environmental organizations to support a green recovery, particularly employment opportunities through accelerated investment in renewable energy and energy efficiency. The government will change the missions of public funding and research agencies to be technologically neutral when designed to promote clean energy. The government also intends to fund investments in fossil fuels and is funding a study on new coal-fired electricity generation. Government forecasts for 2019 show that Australia is on track to increase coal production from 634 Mt in 2020 to 659 Mt in 2030 and natural gas production from 82 Mt in 2020 to 87 Mt in 2030. Countries such as France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Spain and New Zealand signed the “San Jose Principles” to set the bar for carbon market rules.

This included banning Kyoto loans and units before 2020 to meet the Paris targets. The Paris Agreement is based on the idea of a common but differentiated responsibility. It requires the parties to submit national contributions (CNN) that will be made available to each participating nation to target the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. These NMCs are monitored every five years, allowing the parties to demonstrate increased evolution and ambition over time. The Paris Agreement has no mechanism to enforce respect for the parties – rather, it relies on transparency to encourage continued participation in the framework it has put in place. Today, Morrison`s government released updated projections of Australia`s greenhouse gas emissions, indicating that Australia is on track to meet the 2030 Paris targets without resorting to “deferral credits” from the Kyoto period. If we do not need to use the Kyoto transfer credits to achieve the Paris targets, perhaps rather – rather than because — the policy of the federal government. Australia has been criticized for its determination to consider including in its carbon budget so-called “deferral” appropriations for its reductions under the previous Kyoto agreement, which would effectively reduce its reductions. The agreement does not provide a deadline for signatories to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions, other than that it will be set before the end of the century.

“The emission plan and the evolution of emissions reduction over the next decade will be more important to global warming than will happen between 2040 and 2050.” The Australian government has not initiated a green recovery, but has invoked the pandemic to justify the expansion of the gas industry. The Prime Minister announced that the government would invest in accelerating the development of gas basins and in the state`s intervention in the energy market by building a 1 GW public gas plant, creating confusion and uncertainty for investors. Within a few days, it was re-entered the 1 GW gas plant, creating increased confusion and uncertainty.