The MIT Survey on Science, Religion and Origins 2013 studied the views of religious people in America on topics of scientific origin such as evolution, the Big Bang and the perception of conflicts between science and religion. It found that a large majority of religious people see no conflict between science and religion and that only 11% of religious people belong to religions that openly reject evolution. The fact that the gap between the personal and official beliefs of their religions is so great indicates that part of the problem could be mitigated by learning more about their own religious teaching and the science they support, which will fill this gap in faith. The study concluded that “religion and mainstream science do not attack each other and do not perceive conflict.” In addition, they note that this conciliatory view is shared by most leading scientific organizations, such as the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).  This typology is similar to that of theologians Ian Barbour and John Haught.  Other typologies that categorize this relationship are among the works of other scholars of science and religion such as the theologian and biochemist Arthur Peacocke.  During the Enlightenment, a period marked by “dramatic revolutions in science” and the rise of Protestant challenges to the authority of the Catholic Church through individual freedom, the authority of Christian scriptures was strongly questioned. As science progressed, the adoption of a literal version of the Bible became “increasingly unsustainable” and some at that time offered ways to interpret Scripture according to his spirit on his authority and truth.  Malaysians also mentioned that a sense of national pride or prestige could result from state investment in science and subsequent achievements. For example, a 29-year-old Buddhist woman said that research on medicine and technology could help Malaysia “become famous compared to other countries.” A 24-year-old Hindu said he hoped the government would increase spending on technology and technology because it would create more jobs and show that Malaysia is a very successful country.
He said more investment would help “a lot of people achieve their dreams. They put Malaysia in the sharp picture. Another Malaysian man said in the same way: “For me, investments in technology and technology are profitable because we want to be comparable to other advanced countries” (Muslims, 21).